While removing or pulling a tooth from its socket is a core skill of dentists, they don’t necessarily like to do it. Instead, they prefer to save a tooth as much as possible. But extractions may be necessary due to extensive decay or damage.
Extractions are among the most common dental procedures. Dentists recommend the treatment when other dental procedures are inadequate. They are necessary to prevent bacteria buildup and improve oral health.
Dental practitioners recommend tooth extractions when dental fillings and other restoration methods do not work. If the tooth is damaged beyond repair, extraction is the best option. Tooth extractions are often necessary for the following:
Severe cavities or tooth decay
Periodontitis or severe gum disease
To deal with crowded teeth
Removal of an impacted tooth
To remove a fractured tooth
Dental injuries, including tooth luxation
Dentists, periodontists, and other dental specialists can perform most tooth extractions. Periodontists or oral surgeons perform complex dental extractions. Before the procedure, the dentist will assess the affected tooth, often taking dental X-rays. It will help to check the bone level and the extent of the damage.
The dentist will discuss the treatment and sedation options, such as nitrous oxide, IV sedation, and oral conscious sedation. Talk to the dentist about any health conditions or medications you may be taking.
Dentists administer local anesthesia to numb the tooth and surrounding tissue before the procedure. They use specialized dental instruments to loosen and lift the tooth from the socket. Sometimes, the dentist will make gum incisions to access a severely damaged or decayed tooth. After removal, the dentist will clean and disinfect the socket. A bone graft may be necessary to prevent additional bone loss. The dentist may place stitches to promote healing.
After tooth extraction, the dentist will use a piece of gauze to cover the extraction site. You will need to apply steady pressure to close the site, which helps slow bleeding. A clot will form to promote healing and reduce the risk of infection.
You can remove the gauze after the bleeding subsides. You may experience light bleeding for several hours after the extraction. You may experience some swelling and pain after the extraction. You will receive aftercare instructions.
Like with most surgical procedures, there are complications associated with dental extractions. They include:
Perforation of the maxillary sinus
Recovery from tooth extraction will depend on the severity of the case. Most people return to normal in a few days. Keep the treatment site clean and use medications as directed. It can take several weeks for the complete healing of the jawbone.
If not treated, a damaged tooth can negatively affect your smile. Extraction can improve your overall oral health. It can relieve tooth pain almost instantly. Avoid strenuous activities for two days after the extraction. You must avoid eating hard or crunchy food for several days after treatment.
For more on preparing for a tooth extraction procedure, visit Woodbury Family Dentistry at our office in Orlando, Florida. Call (407) 502-5300 to book an appointment today.